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Alfred Stieglitz (American, 1864-1946)

Alfred Stieglitz's career bridged Pictorialism and modern photography, and his passion for art of the European avant-garde profoundly influenced the first generation of American modernists. In 1902, he formed the Photo-Secession and opened his 291 Gallery in New York, where he exhibited Pictorialist photography and paintings and sculpture by Matisse, Cezanne, Rodin, Braque, and Georgia O'Keeffe (whom he married in 1924). His quarterly "Camera Work" (1902-1917) featured works by vanguard artists, criticism, and hand-tipped photogravures. A pioneer of sharp-focus photography, his work encompassed urban scenes, portraits (his famous "serial portrait" of Georgia O'Keeffe involved more than 500 images taken from 1917 to 1937) and Equivalents, his photographs of clouds representing emotional equivalents.
- Jill Alikas St. Thomas

Selected Bibliography
Bry, Doris. Alfred Stieglitz: Photographer. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1965.

Greenough, Sarah. Modern Art in America: Alfred Stieglitz and his New York Galleries. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2000.

Newhall, Beaumont. The History of Photography. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1982.


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