Fort Sumner Historic Site/Bosque Redondo Memorial
A Powerful Acknowledgement of the Colonization of the American West
The Bosque Redondo Memorial at Fort Sumner Historic Site delivers visitors into the heart of history and tragedy.
Manifest Destiny, the doctrine that a dominant culture has the God-given right to spread, regardless of preceding cultures, steered American policies in the 1860s. In New Mexico, such policies were directed against the Navajo and Mescalero Apache peoples.
In 1863, some 10,000 Navajos were forced to make the “Long Walk,” 450 miles across New Mexico to the Bosque Redondo Indian Reservation, or H’weeldi, meaning place of suffering. Hundreds of Mescalero Apaches were also interned there. The Navajos lost 20 percent of the tribe due to the insufferable conditions.
Determined a failure in 1868, the reservation closed. It was here that the Navajo Treaty was signed on June 1 of 1868, creating a sovereign Navajo Nation. An audio tour and signed trail guide visitors between the memorial and Fort Sumner.
New Mexico CulturePass
Your ticket to 15 exceptional Museums and Historic Sites. From Indian treasures to space exploration, world-class folk art to awesome dinosaurs—our museums and monuments celebrate the essence of New Mexico every day.
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Featured DCA Exhibitions
Dawn of the Dinosaurs, is the only exhibition in North America dedicated exclusively to the flora and fauna of the Triassic.
Alcoves 16/17 is a series of seven rotations over the course of a year which will include thirty-five artists in total from across New Mexico. Each rotation will include five artists who will show for seven weeks,
Focusing on the rise of the Fred Harvey Company as a family business and events that transpired specifically in the Land of Enchantment, the exhibition will leave visitors with an understanding of how the Harvey experience resonates in our Southwest today.